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Introduction to Biotechnology

Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products. Biotechnology includes both laboratory techniques and traditional agricultural techniques. It is a combination of technology, micro-biology, computer sciences and chemical engineering. Hungarian engineer Karl Ereky defines biotechnology as "Any technological application that uses biological system or living organisms to make or modify the process or products for specific use."

Biotechnology has marked its presence in every field be it medical, environmental, agricultural, industrial and many more. Biotechnology covers many areas such as Bio informatics, Bio robotics, Bio process engineering and chemical engineering.

Biotechnology Course Objective

  • Explain the terminology, concept and scope of biotechnology
  • Explain and investigate the events and advancements in biotechnology
  • Perform measurement techniques
  • Perform techniques involved in manipulation of DNA
  • Explore career opportunities in biotechnology

Types of Biotechnology

  • Fermentation Technology – It involves the study of production of a product by means of mass culture of micro organisms.
  • Microbial Biotechnology – Microbial Biotechnology deals with the study of micro-organisms, their morphological and physiological characteristics, diversity and relationships and their importance to humans and the environment.
  • Agricultural Biotechnology - Agricultural biotechnology is an area of agricultural science that involves the use of scientific tools, techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms.
  • Animal Biotechnology – Animal biotechnology deals with techniques used to engineer and modify the genomes of animals to improve their suitability for industrial, agricultural and pharmaceutical applications.
  • Forensic Biotechnology – Forensic biotechnology is the application of science to criminal and civil laws enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.
  • White Biotechnology – It is also known as Industrial biotechnology. It involves the use of living cells and enzymes to create industrial products that require less energy, create lesser waste and are easily degradable.
  • Aquatic Biotechnology – Aquatic Biotechnology is defined as the study that imparts the knowledge of use of aquatic organisms and plants for biotechnological use.

Learning Outcomes of Biotechnology

  • Recognize the foundations of biotechnology
  • Ability to define biotechnology and its scope
  • Explain the principles that form the basis of biotechnology
  • Describe methods and applications of biotechnology with respect to plants, animals and microorganisms
  • Describe methods and applications of biotechnology with respect to human genome practice and medicine
  • Acknowledge the implications of biotechnology
  • Awareness of the significance of biotechnology and its related industries
  • Familiarize with key events in biotechnological development
  • Understanding of the role been played by enabling technologies in biotechnological development
  • Practice critical thinking skills and apply them to lectures and laboratory studies

Career in Biotechnology

Biotechnology course will prepare you for wide variety of career opportunities such as laboratory science, marketing and management. Popular biotechnology courses are

  • Biomedical Engineer
  • Biotechnology Lab Technician
  • Biochemist
  • Biophysicist
  • Research Associate
  • Quality Control Engineer / Analyst
  • Biotechnology / Pharmaceutical Sales
  • Environmental Engineer

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