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Introduction to Finance

Finance is a study that deals with the study of investments. Finance can be defined as the science of money management. It deals with fluctuation in assets and liabilities over time under different degrees of risk and uncertainty.

Finance Categories

Finance is sub divided into three different categories

  • Public Finance – Public finance is related to sovereign states and sub-national entities and related public entities or agencies. It usually encompasses a long-term, strategic perspective regarding investment decisions that affect public entities.
  • Corporate Finance – Corporate finance deals with sources funding and capital structure of corporate institutions that managers take to increase the value of firms.
  • Personal Finance - Personal finance involve paying for education, buying durable goods such as real estate, insurance, investing and saving for retirement and paying for loans.

Objectives of Finance

The objective of finance is effective and efficient management of funds in a way such as to accomplish motive of an organization. It is a function associated with top management of an organization.

  • Profit maximization occurs when marginal cost is equal to marginal revenue.
  • Wealth maximization means maximization of shareholders' wealth. It is an advanced goal compared to profit maximization.
  • Survival of company is an important consideration when the financial manager makes any financial decisions.
  • Maintaining proper cash flow is a short run objective of financial management. It is necessary for operations to pay the day-to-day expenses e.g. raw material, electricity bills, wages, rent etc.
  • Minimization on capital cost in financial management can help operations gain more profit.

Finance Courses

There are many courses that students can pursue in finance. Some of the most popular courses are:

  • Bachelor Of Commerce, Bachelor Of Applied Finance (commerce)
  • B Financial Planning/b Accounting
  • Bachelor Of Commerce (financial Planning)
  • Master Of Applied Finance And Banking
  • Master Of Financial Analysis And Master Of Professional Accounting
  • Graduate Certificate In Financial Risk Management

Outcomes of Learning Finance

Specific learning outcomes of finance include

  • Apply and critically evaluate finance and investment theory
  • Apply the value of time concept of money
  • Apply and critically evaluate corporate finance techniques
  • Apply and critically evaluate theories of financial statements and related analysis
  • Identify, define and analyze problems
  • Identify and create process to solve problems
  • Exercise critical judgment in creating new understanding
  • Demonstrate advanced numeracy and quantitative skills
  • Identify and evaluate social, cultural, global, ethical and environmental responsibilities and issues
  • Engage and work effectively in groups
  • Apply principles of capital budgeting
  • Explain the determinants of a firm's capital structure
  • Explain various risk measures and models of the relation between risk and return
  • Explain the concept of market efficiency and its implications for securities' returns

Career Opportunities in Finance

Finance graduates are required in almost every company and in every industry. Industry sectors have highest need of finance graduates. Finance service industry is one of the largest sectors and is continuing to grow. Leading employers in finance are financial institutions, banks, assets and fund managers.

  • Trader
  • Regulatory Compliance Officer
  • Quantitative Analyst
  • Marketing Manager
  • Portfolio Manager
  • Deal maker
  • Asset Manager
  • Financial Advisor

So, enroll in your desired course to excel your path towards a successful professional career.

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